What is bone cancer?
Bone cancer typically affects the pelvis or long bones in the arms and legs, but it can affect any bone in the body. It is a very rare form of cancer, as less than 1% of those with cancer have bone cancer.
Types include osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and Ewing sarcoma.
What are the symptoms of bone cancer?
- Swelling and tenderness in the area
- Bone pain
- Weak bones
- Unintentional weight loss
What causes bone cancer?
The cause of this cancer is unknown, but there are risk factors that have been identified. Inherited genetic disorders, Paget’s disease of the bone, and radiation therapy all heighten the risk of developing bone cancer.
How is bone cancer diagnosed?
Imaging tests are used to diagnose this cancer, including bone scans, CT scans, PET scans, MRIs, and X-rays. A biopsy may be used as well.
What are the treatments for bone cancer?
Treatment options consist of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Clinical trials may be an option as well.