What is Acanthocheilonemiasis?
Acanthocheilonemiasis is caused by a tropical parasite called Acanthocheilonema perstans, which is found mainly in Africa, It is known as a filarial disease, Acanthocheilonemiasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type. Spread by blood-feeding black flies and mosquitoes eight of these nematodes like to enjoy humans as their preferred hosts.
What are the symptoms of Acanthocheilonemiasis?
Common symptoms of Acanthocheilonemiasis include the following:
- Red itchy skin
- Inflamed muscle tissues
- Muscle pain
- Localized swelling
- Enlargred liver and spleen
- Abdominal and chest pain
- Elevated white blood cells
What causes Acanthocheilonemiasis?
Acanthocheilonemiasis is transmitted via a small black insect called A. Cailicoides
. Long worms that have a thread-like appearance called Acanthocheilonema perstans or Dipetalonema perstans are the culprit behind the disease.
How is Acanthocheilonemiasis diagnosed?
Acanthocheilonemiasis can be diagnosed through a thick blood smear obtained from the infected patient and observed under a microscope.
What are the treatments for Acanthocheilonemiasis?
Mild cases of acanthocheilonemiasis infection will not likely need treatment. There are antifilarial drugs like diethyl-carbamazine and ivermectin that are first-line therapy. In extreme cases, the worm may need to be surgically removed.
Where can I find out more about Acanthocheilonemiasis?