Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency
What is adult growth hormone deficiency?
Adult growth hormone deficiency occurs when the pituitary gland does not produce enough growth hormone in an adult. Even though they are no longer growing, this hormone is still necessary. It plays a role in how the body collects fat, healthy muscles, bone density, and cholesterol levels. Without it, the brain cannot function normally.
What are the symptoms of adult growth hormone deficiency?
- Higher levels of body fat
- Reduce bone density that leads to fractures
- Changes in blood cholesterol
- Greater sensitivity to heat and the cold
- Decreased sexual interest and function
- Less muscle
- Decreased strength and stamina
- Feelings of isolation
What causes adult growth hormone deficiency?
Damage to the pituitary glands or the hypothalamus in the brain is typically the cause of this condition. Tumors, surgery, radiation, or issues with the blood supply to the brain can result in damage. An injury to the pituitary glands can also be the cause.
How is adult growth hormone deficiency diagnosed?
Doctors will perform a clinical evaluation, look for the characteristic symptoms, and ask about medical history to see if you have reason to suspect adult growth hormone deficiency. They may also order an MRI and blood test.
What are the treatments for adult growth hormone deficiency?
Daily doses of growth hormone are the standard of care for this condition. They are administered via injection, and doctors will set up monitoring appointments for every four to eight weeks.
If a tumor on the pituitary gland is the cause of the deficiency, doctors will simply monitor it. They will also keep track of blood cholesterol and bone density.