Autism with Port-Wine Stain
What is autism with port-wine stain?
Autism with port-wine stain is an extremely rare syndrome characterized by autistic developmental problems and angioma on the face. Angiomas are noncancerous growths composed of small blood vessels.
This condition is often initially diagnosed as Sturge-Weber syndrome, but it is its own distinct condition with the presence of both angiomas and autism.
What are the symptoms of autism with port-wine stain?
Angiomas are one part of this condition’s symptoms, while developmental symptoms associated with autism are the other. These include delayed development of language and speech, atypical social interactions, delayed cognitive skills, restricted or repetitive interests and behaviors, and other symptoms that may vary depending on the affected individual. Seizures have been described in affected individuals as well.
What causes autism with port-wine stain?
Medical professionals are unsure as to what causes this condition. The condition has just recently been distinguished from infantile autism and Sturge-Weber syndrome.
How is autism with port-wine stain diagnosed?
This is an extremely rare condition that has only been diagnosed within four children. Diagnosis is made on a case-to-case basis, and it typically consists of differentiating this condition from infantile autism and Sturge-Weber syndrome.
What are the treatments for autism with port-wine stain?
Treatment for this condition is symptomatic. Patients benefit from treatments used for other autism spectrum disorders, and angiomas do not necessarily require treatment unless they are bothersome or bleeding. If they do, they can be removed through electrodesiccation, cryosurgery, and laser treatment.
Where can I find out more about autism with port-wine stain?