Benign Rolandic Epilepsy (BRE)
What is benign rolandic epilepsy?
Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE) is a form of childhood epilepsy that is often grown out of by the time children hit puberty.
What are the symptoms of benign rolandic epilepsy?
Symptoms often begin around age three and end around puberty. The major symptom is nighttime seizures, which involve tingling in the face, speech that is difficult to understand, stiffness, jerking movements, loss of bladder control, and loss of consciousness. Other symptoms include headaches, behavioral issues, and issues with learning.
What causes benign rolandic epilepsy?
Medical professionals are unsure of the exact cause of this condition, but they suspect that it is a genetic issue. Research has shown that parts of chromosome 11 and 15 are involved, but the specific gene is yet to be identified.
How is benign rolandic epilepsy diagnosed?
A description of the seizures is often the first step in a diagnosis. Tests will be used to confirm, such as an MRI and EEG.
What are the treatments for benign rolandic epilepsy?
Treatment depends on the severity and symptoms that each child presents. As seizures happen at night and anti-epileptic medications can bring side-effects, many children do not take medication. If the symptoms are more severe, or a child experiences seizures during the day, then medication may be necessary.