What is Brugada syndrome?
Brugada syndrome is a disorder that is characterized by irregular heart rhythms. These irregular rhythms begin in the ventricles.
What are the symptoms of Brugada syndrome?
Many affected individuals are unaware that they have Brugada syndrome, as it does not always cause noticeable symptoms. When these effects are present, they include dizziness, fainting, gasping or labored breathing, seizures, a fast and chaotic heartbeat, and irregular heartbeats.
There are complications that may arise due to this syndrome, including fainting and sudden cardiac arrest.
What causes Brugada syndrome?
There are multiple causes that have been linked to this disorder, such as structural abnormalities of the heart, using certain medications or cocaine, and an imbalance in electrolytes.
Risk factors include having a family history of the disorder, being male, and being of Asian descent. Fevers also increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest if one already has the condition.
How is Brugada syndrome diagnosed?
Doctors will listen to your heart’s rhythm in order to diagnose you with Brugada syndrome. They will begin with a physical exam using a stethoscope to listen, followed by various tests. These tests are an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, and electrophysiology test.
What are the treatments for Brugada syndrome?
Treatment is only necessary if one is at a high risk of a serious abnormal heartbeat. This means that if one has fainting spells, a history of serious abnormal heartbeats, or has survived sudden cardiac arrest, they should receive treatment.
Doctors will aggressively treat fevers, avoid prescribing medications that heighten the risk of an abnormal heartbeat, advise that you avoid competitive sports, implant an ICD, use drug therapy, and utilize catheter ablation.