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Chikungunya Virus

What is the Chikungunya virus?

The Chikungunya virus is spread by mosquitoes and is prevalent in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Indian and Pacific Ocean. It has also been found in islands on the Carribean. 

What are the symptoms of the Chikungunya virus?

The major symptoms of this virus are fever and pain in the joints. Others include:

  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Rash
  • Swelling in the joints

These effects will typically appear three to seven days after being bitten and disperse after a week. While they are not usually fatal, they can be severe and debilitating. 

What causes the Chikungunya virus?

This virus is spread through mosquitoes; if an infected insect bites a human, they will transmit the virus. In very rare cases, it is transmitted from mother to child or through blood. 

How is the Chikungunya virus diagnosed?

As the symptoms are similar to Zika and dengue, doctors will likely ask questions to better diagnose the virus. This may include where one has traveled and their exposure to mosquitoes. Blood tests may be required to confirm a diagnosis. 

What are the treatments for the Chikungunya virus?

There is no vaccine or treatment for this virus. Doctors recommend getting plenty of rest and fluids, and one can take Tylenol for the fever and pain. 

The best thing to do is prevent mosquito bites. Wear insect repellent, wear long sleeves and pants, and control mosquitoes whether that is indoors or outdoors. 

Where can I find out more about the Chikungunya virus?

Chikungunya Virus Articles