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What is chondrosarcoma?

Chondrosarcoma is a form of bone cancer beginning in the cartilage cells. It most commonly impacts the cartilage of the femur, pelvis, and shoulder. In a smaller number of cases, this cancer begins in the skull, knee, rib, and windpipe. 

What are the symptoms of chondrosarcoma?

Symptoms of this cancer vary depending on where it develops. The most common symptoms include:

  • Local swelling
  • Progressively worsening pain
  • Large mass on the bone
  • Weakness
  • Limited movement in a joint
  • Pressure around the mass
  • Bowel and/or bladder problems
    • Result of tumors on the pelvis

What causes chondrosarcoma?

Medical professionals are unsure of what the cause of this cancer is, but they have identified a number of risk factors. These are Ollier disease, multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE), enchondromas, Maffucci syndrome, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome.

How is chondrosarcoma diagnosed?

Doctors will begin with questions about your medical history and symptoms before performing a physical exam. They will also utilize tests like CT scans, biopsies, MRIs, X-rays, blood tests, and PET scans. 

What are the treatments for chondrosarcoma?

Treatment for this cancer depends on a variety of factors, such as a patient’s overall health, age, cancer stage, symptoms, and preference. Options are radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery, which is the main choice. 

Where can I find out more about chondrosarcoma?

Chondrosarcoma Articles