What is hypothalamic dysfunction?
Hypothalamic dysfunction occurs when there are issues with the part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which regulates multiple body functions and the pituitary gland.
What are the symptoms of hypothalamic dysfunction?
In children with this condition, the symptoms include growth problems and puberty that happens either too late or too early. If the cause is a tumor pressing on the hypothalamus, then headaches and vision loss could be symptoms.
If the thyroid is impacted, it can result in hypothyroidism. This would bring symptoms like weight gain, constipation, feeling cold all the time, and fatigue. The adrenal glands can also be impacted, which would cause poor appetite, poor appetite, weakness, weight loss, and a loss of interest in activities.
What causes hypothalamic dysfunction?
Many things can cause hypothalamic dysfunction, with the most common being surgery, tumors, radiation, and traumatic brain injuries. Other possible causes are nutrition issues, issues with blood vessels in the brain, infections and swelling in the brain, and genetic disorders.
How is hypothalamic dysfunction diagnosed?
Doctors will first perform a physical examination and look for the characteristic symptoms. Further tests may be used, such as blood and urine tests, MRIs, CT scans, visual field eye exams, and hormone injections followed by blood tests.
What are the treatments for hypothalamic dysfunction?
Treatment is based on the cause of the dysfunction. If it is a tumor, surgery will be used to remove it. If it is a hormonal issue, medications can be diagnosed. Other medications can be prescribed to treat the specific symptoms that each affected individual experiences.