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What is osteoporosis? 

Osteoporosis is a disorder of the bones that causes them to be brittle, weak, and break easily. While anyone can be affected, Asian and white females – especially those who are above menopausal age – are at the highest risk. 

What are the symptoms of osteoporosis?

In the early stages, symptoms are typically not noticeable. When they do appear, they include height loss over time, back pain, easily breaking bones, and stooped posture. Fractures most commonly occur in the wrists, spines, and hips. 

What causes osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis occurs when bone dies off and is not replaced by new bone quick enough, causing them to be weak. Researchers have also discovered a number of risk factors for osteoporosis, such as being female, older age, being of Asian and white descent, a smaller body frame, abnormal hormone levels, a family history of osteoporosis, certain medical conditions, certain medications, eating disorders, other dietary factors, and lifestyle factors. 

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Measuring bone density is the best way to diagnose osteoporosis, which doctors can do with a machine that utilizes low levels of X-rays. 

What are the treatments for osteoporosis?

In some cases where the risk of fracture is low, monitoring is the only step doctors take. In other cases, doctors may use bisphosphonates, denosumab, bone-building medications, and hormone-related therapy.  

Where can I find out more about osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis Articles