The second week of June is Men’s Health Awareness week, leading right into father’s day!
For all our male readers – and for the women who have special men in their lives – click here for more information that men should be aware about, not just during men’s health week but every day!
But since we are Patient Worthy and we give attention to rare diseases, let’s dig into some rare diseases affecting men that don’t get discussed very often.
Kidney stones get a lot more attention, but bladder stones are hard masses of minerals in the bladder which develop when minerals in concentrated urine crystallize.
Though bladder stones often don’t cause symptoms, having them sometimes causes lower abdominal pain, frequent and painful urination, bloody or cloudy urine, and even pain in the penis.
Medical professionals may recommend drinking a lot of water to help small stones pass naturally – however, because bladder stones are often caused by the inability to empty the bladder completely, this may not be enough to make it pass. Most cases require removal of bladder stones.
2. Male Breast Cancer
While less than one percent of breast cancer cases are in men, men can develop the disease. Male breast cancer is most common in older men, though it can occur at any age.
Everyone is born with a small amount of breast tissue. Breast tissue consists of milk-producing glands (lobules), ducts that carry milk to the nipples, and fat. During puberty, women begin developing more breast tissue, and men do not. But because men are born with a small amount of breast tissue, they can still develop breast cancer.
As with women, a diagnosis can be done with a mammogram or sonogram. Men diagnosed at an early stage have a good chance for a cure. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the breast tissue, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
3. Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are two glands located inside the scrotum, a sac of loose skin below the penis. The testicles make the hormone called testosterone as well as sperm.
There are two main kinds of testicular tumors: seminomas and non-seminomas. Seminomas appear more often in older men. Non-seminomas tend to develop earlier in life. They also grow and spread quicker than seminomas do.